What Was The Purpose Of The 1907 Gentlemen`s Agreement Between The United States And Japan

mncahill

Let me begin first for the laborious thoroness and admirable temperament with which you have gone in the case of the treatment of the Japanese on the coast . I had a conversation with the Japanese ambassador before leaving for Panama; read to him what I had to say in my annual message, which he obviously liked very much; and told him that, in my view, the only way to avoid permanent friction between the United States and Japan was to limit as much as possible the movement of citizens from each country to each other to students, travellers, businessmen and others; As no American worker tried to enter Japan, the need was to prevent all immigration of Japanese workers – that is, from the Coolie class – to the United States; that I really hoped that his government would prevent his coolies, all their workers, from coming to either the United States or Hawaii. He was strongly committed to this view and said that he had always opposed Japanese coolies going to America or Hawaii… I hope my message will calm their feelings for the government to tacitly stop all immigration of coolies into our country. Anyway, I will do my best to achieve it. President Roosevelt had three objectives to resolve the situation: to show Japan that California`s policy did not reflect the ideals of the entire country to force San Francisco to end the policy of segregation and to find a solution to the problem of Japanese immigration. Victor Metcalf, Minister of Trade and Labour, was sent to investigate the problem and force the repeal of the policy. He did not succeed because local officials wanted Japanese exclusion. Roosevelt tried to put pressure on the school`s management, but it won`t give way. On February 15, 1907, the parties reached a compromise. If Roosevelt could ensure the suspension of Japanese immigration, the school board would allow Japanese-American students to attend public schools.

The Japanese government did not want to harm its national pride or suffer humiliations, as the Qing government in China in 1882 by the Chinese exclusion law. The Japanese government has agreed to refrain from granting passports to workers attempting to enter the United States, unless such workers come to occupy a house formerly acquired to join a relative; The spouse or take active control of a pre-acquired farm. [10] Concessions were agreed in a note that, a year later, consisted of six points.